An Anatomical Study of the Saphenous Nerve, Artery, and Artery Perforators Within the Thigh Using Cadaveric Dissection

San Ha LeeTae Hyun ChoiSuk Wha KimLianji XuChul-Ho SohnKi Hwan HanDae Gu SonJun Hyung KimJong Won Rhie
Dept. of Plastic Surgery (성형외과학)
Issue Date
Annals of Plastic Surgery, Vol.67(4) : 413-415, 2011
Although the saphenous flap has been used in reconstruction as a free flap, there has not yet been an anatomic study about the perforators of the saphenous artery. The aim of this study is to investigate the anatomy of the saphenous artery and the number and locations of its perforators. We dissected parts of 10 legs from 5 cadavers. Measurements of the positions of the dissected saphenous arteries and their perforators were taken from the medial epicondyle of the femur. We observed the origin, end point, and the diameter of each of the arteries, and we investigated the numbers and locations of both septocutaneous and musculocutaneous perforators. The average length of saphenous artery was 14.8 cm, and it was located 12.0 cm above the medial epicondyle of the femur. The average diameter was 1.63 mm. A median average of 4 perforators branched out from a single saphenous artery. There was a median average of 2 septocutaneous perforators and 2 musculocutaneous perforators from the saphenous artery. The perforators were mainly located at 7 cm proximal to the medial epicondyle of the femur. The saphenous artery has many perforators and is therefore useful as the pedicle of the perforator flap. The saphenous artery perforator flap can be designed within 7 cm proximal to the medial epicondyle of the femur. Our results may be helpful in the applications of the neurocutaneous flap using the saphenous artery or the perforator flap based on septocutaneous perforators. Key Words: saphenous artery, neurocutaneous flap, perforator flap
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1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. School of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Plastic Surgery (성형외과학)
Keimyung Author(s)
한기환; 손대구; 김준형
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