Dietary iodine, seaweed consumption, and incidence risk of metabolic syndrome among postmenopausal women: a prospective analysis of the Korean Multi-Rural Communities Cohort Study (MRCohort)
- Affiliated Author(s)
- Alternative Author(s)
- Shin, Dong Hoon
- Journal Title
- European journal of nutrition
- Issued Date
- Iodine intake; Seaweed; Metabolic syndrome; Prospective; Postmenopausal women
Despite a beneficial role of iodine and seaweed consumption against metabolic syndrome (MetS), which is high in postmenopausal women, few studies investigated such associations in a prospective study. This study aimed to investigate the association of dietary iodine and seaweed consumption with the incidence of MetS and its components in postmenopausal women.
A total of 2588 postmenopausal women aged ≥ 40 years were recruited between 2005 and 2011 in the Multi-Rural Communities Cohort (MRCohort). A validated semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire was used to collect dietary intake data. MetS was defined as three of five components [abdominal obesity, elevated blood pressure, glucose, triglyceride, and low-high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C)] and the incidence of MetS was checked every 2–4 years. The incidence rate ratio (IRR) was estimated using a modified Poisson regression model with a robust error estimator.
During the mean follow-up period (3.4 ± 2.1 years), MetS occurred in 481 participants. The median cumulative average iodine intake was 108.9 µg/day (interquartile range, 60.8–190.2 µg/day). In multivariable analyses, average iodine and seaweed consumption were inversely associated with MetS (IRR = 0.61, 95% CI 0.47–0.78 in the highest quartile of iodine intake, P for trend = 0.0018; IRR = 0.52, 95% CI 0.39–0.69 in the highest quartile of seaweed consumption, P for trend = 0.0004). Among MetS components, blood glucose (> 100 mg/dL), blood pressure (≥ 130/85 mmHg), and lipid profiles (triglyceride, ≥ 150 mg/dL and HDL-C, < 50 mg/dL) were significantly inversely associated with dietary iodine and seaweed consumption, but there was no clear association for waist circumference (≥ 85 cm).
Dietary iodine and seaweed consumption may be inversely associated with MetS incidence and its individual abnormalities in postmenopausal women.
- Authorize & License
- Files in This Item:
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.